EXCLUSIVE REPORTS FROM THE SUDAN - with an introduction from CP international secretary John Foster. Sunday's large demonstrations in Khartoum and other cities in northern Sudan were called to demand the resignation of General Omer Al-Bashir and his repressive regime.

John Foster continues:  The demonstrators have been met with massive police and army retaliation. There have been numerous arrests before, during and after the demonstrations and attacks on university campuses.
 
The protests follow two decades of increasingly authoritarian rule by a wealthy conservative elite who seek to monopolise the country's oil wealth. The trade union movement and progressive and forces, including the Sudanese Communist Party, have been subject to repeated attack. The past year has seen protests by the Sudanese women's movement against attempts to impose Sharia law. Earlier in January there were demonstrations against the price of food and petrol and youth unemployment.
 
Virtually no media coverage has been given in the west to this weekend's demonstrations. It is reported that the US and its allies do not currently wish to see the replacement General Al-Bashir and his regime.  Their priority is to ensure the quick and smooth secession of the oil-bearing South Sudan following last week's referendum. The US sees the resulting access to the massive oil reserves in South Sudan of major strategic importance. The fall of General Al-Bashir's regime, which is legally committed to uphold the result of the referendum, would impede this outcome. 
 
It is therefore all the more important that there be the maximum expression of solidarity through the trade union and labour movement and protests against the arrests and police and army brutality.  
 
The address of the Sudanese ambassador is:
HE Omer Mohamed Ahmed Siddig
Ambassador
Republic of Sudan
3 Cleveland Row
LONDON SW1A 1DD
 
The following reports below have been sent exclusively to our CP website from Comrade Fathi el Fadl, one of the key comrades responsible for the International Department of CP Sudan.
 
"Since 11 am, today Sunday the 30th of January young people took to the streets in Khartoum replying to the calls by different youth organisations to demonstrate against the cost of living, curtailing of democracy, lack of educational and health service and above all dictatorship of the ruling National Congress Party.The slogans included demands for removal of the regime, joining hands with the people and youth of Egypt and Tunis. Already the brutal police attacks claimed their first victim student Mustapha Al Noman, of Ahlia Unversity , who is suffereing from deep head wounds, scores of students were arrested in the areas around al Souque Al Arabi, among them student Omer Maghoub. As we are writing to you we are receiving news that demonstrators have reached Central Khartoum. 
The numbers are in their hundreds, but growing.
 
It is 12 09 and the heroic young people of the Sudan are writing with fists and determination the beginning of street resistance to the dictatorship of the Moslim Brotherhood. They are following in the foot steps of their brothers and sisters of Egypt and Tunisia. The slogans of the demonstrators include, 'Freedom,Freedom,Freedom' and 'No to high prices',  'Release or brothers from prisons'. 'No Kiyzan, moslim brothers, no reactionaries, we need back our bread'. 'Down with the dictatorship'.
 
It is believed a group of youth org are behind the movement.Among those arrested is Omer Mhgoub member of the Secretariat of the Sudanese Youth Union.
 
Later in the day……
 
"Keep up support and solidarity, our youth are keeping the fight. Till now we can say the demonstrations are slowly spreading to different parts of the capital. Now as we write there is a fierce battle going on around the faculty of medicine between riot police and demonstrators. The same is taking place near Khartoum University. Already in Omdurman demonstrations are taking place near Banet, Al Ahlia University and Omdurman University. In Khartoum North, demonstrations have just started near the main shopping centre.
Police in civilian clothes are picking up activists in the streets. Apart from the reqular security forces the regime is using its own militia. There are five youth organisations behind todays demonstrations - including Hope and Change, Resistance in the neighbourhood, Youth for Change, Grifna,and First Change. They are composed of radical left and democratic forces.They are part of the mass democratic movement and they taking the lead and appealing for other sections of the population to join in.
 
According to available information over 70 young people were detained. Over hundred young men and women are injured some very seriously. Three are said to in dangerous condition. Since the Security forces are beseiging hospitals young wounded people prefer either to treat themselves or seek private care. Communist and democratic doctors are treating injured persons in make shift clinics.
The security forces are using naked brutal force to disperse peaceful demonstrations. 
 
Comrades:Raise your voices, Our youth look for support. It is the beginning.
 
"The streets of Khartoum are rather empty for the first working day of the week. Riot police, security cars, and police vans are moving all over the place, in an attempt as a show of force.The demos of today have achieved its target. It is time regroup, study the experience and chart a next step. The coming days are important.
 
Foreign journalist were forbidden from taking photos or interviewing politicians.Some have lost their cameras confiscated by police. Over thirty detainees including female students were transferred to the headquarters of the security in Khartoum North. Some were beaten on the way to prison.
  
"Skirmishes between police and demonstrators continued till late at night, especially around the faculty of medicine, University of Khartoum main building and Al Ahlia University in  Omdurman.The students and young people's movement have recorded their first martyr Mohamed Abd Alrahman student at Al Ahlia Unversity. Plans for further mass actions are on the agenda of the political forces. 
 
The National Consensus Forum, grouping around 23 political parties and organisations, is still meeting in session. As it is well known the Sudanese Communist Party have already raised the issue of toppling the regime through all legal means including civil uprising and political disobedience. Since last August its branches are working to mobilise the masses in the different sections of the population. At present in the political field a big struggle is being waged to win the battle for a new democratic leadership for the Sudanese trade union movement."
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