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1936-1939: "No Passaran!"

In the 1930s, Communists across Europe rose to the challenge of fascism: 'the open terrorist dictatorship of the most reactionary, most chauvinistic and most imperialist elements of finance capital', as Comintern secretary Georgi Dimitrov defined it.

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1930-36: The Daily Miracle

The experience of the General Strike and the political degeneration of the Daily Herald had convinced the Communist Party of the need for a daily working class paper, one which would challenge the monopoly of the press barons.

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1926-30: Nine Days in May

In October 1925, the Labour Party conference once again rejected the Communist Party's application for affiliation. It also banned Communists from representing unions and other affiliated organisations, as well as local Labour Party organisations. Communists were now to be excluded from the Labour Party altogether, even those who had become Labour councillors and parliamentary candidates.

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1920-26: The Party of a New Type

The call from Lenin to the 'international Communists' to break from the 'social traitors' and form Communist parties found an echo across the world, including in Britain. While thousands of people were inspired by the example of the first workers’ state established by the 1917 Bolshevik revolution, the left in Britain was even more divided than it sometimes appears to be today.

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CP History: Introduction

The formation of the Communist Party in July 1920 was considered significant not only by revolutionaries in Britain and internationally. The editorial in the Daily Herald—soon to be taken over by the Trades Union Congress—declared:

"The founding of such a party we can count emphatically a gain to the movement in the country. It is not a new split. It is indeed a fusion. But it is more than that. It is the creation of an organisation for the expression in action of a definite and existent body of revolutionary thought ... They are preparing to face the problem which too many of us are inclined temperamentally to evade—the problem of the 'how' and 'now' of the British revolution ... The strong point of the Communist Party is its steady realism."

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